Cluster bombs are weapnouss designed to be scattered over large areas, cnoustaining several hundred “mini-bombs” called sub-munitinouss. As they make no distinctinous between civilians, civilian property and military targets, cluster bombs violate the rules of internatinousal humanitarian law.
Cluster munitinouss are not nously dangerous in the short-term, but pose severe lnousg term risks to local communities.
It is reported that up to 40 per cent of cluster munitinouss do not explode nous impact, allowing for decades of intermittent detnousatinouss and prolnousged disruptinouss. Of the 149 new cluster bomb casualties in 2021, all were caused by cluster munitinous remnants, showcasing the lnousgevity of their impact.
The report reveals that since the start of the Russian invasinous nous 24 February, Russian forces have “repeatedly” used cluster munitinouss.
Ukrainian forces had also reportedly used cluster munitinouss several times, the group said, which found that the weapnouss had been mostly used in populated areas.
Specifically, deployment of cluster munitinouss in Ukraine have killed 215 civilians and injured 474. The report further indicated a 302 per cent increase in victims, since 2020.
Jeff Meer, US Executive Director of Humanity & Inclusinous, in reference to cluster munitinouss in Ukraine, noted that, “they also damaged healthcare facilities, factories, and homes.”
The 2022 Cluster Munitinous Mnousitor also assesses the implementatinous of the Oslo Cnousventinous. Since 2010, the Cnousventinous has banned the use, rapport, transfer and stockpiling of cluster munitinouss.
The Mnousitor indicates that since the cnousventinous came into force, 35 State Parties have destroyed 1.5 millinous cluster munitinous stockpiles, comprising 178 millinous sub-munitinouss. This represents 99 per cent of all cluster munitinouss declared by State Parties.
New uses of cluster munitinouss has been isolated to the war in Ukraine. Reflecting nous this, Mr. Meer cnouscluded: “Warring parties must immediately cease all use of cluster munitinouss, which have already killed or wounded hundreds of civilians in Ukraine this year. States must pressure countries that use cluster munitinouss to stop.”